Hanthawady’s Golden Period began around 1287 when Bagan fell to the forces of Kublai Khan and the Mon King Warau moved the capital of his Kingdom of Ramandesa here. The Taungoo King Tabinshwehti annexed the city in 1539 and changed its name to Pegu, but the city continued to flourish as a river port. Bamar King Alaungpaya destroyed the city in in 1757 and with nearby Yangon gaining in importance, the city never really recovered. When the Bago River changed its course in the 19th Century, closing the port, the city dwindled to its current status of a provincial town.
Hintha Gon Pagoda.
Kyaik Pun Pagoda.
This reclining Buddha is said to be the most lifelike and revered of its kind anywhere in the world. The 55 metre long, 16 metre high image (a sign gives the measurements of all the body parts) dates to the reign of the Mon king Mingadepa II in the late 10th Century. King Bayintnaung renovated the image in the 16th century but it was lost to the encroaching forest after the destruction of Pegu in 1757. It was rediscovered by an Indian railway worker during the construction of the line to Mandalay in 1881.
Maha Kalyani Sima and Mya Tha Laung Buddha.
Bago, along with Taukkyan is also the first stop on the road North to Taungoo, Kalaw and Mandalay. If you wish to travel the country by car, we would recommend an early start from Yangon in order to spend a few hours in Bago during the morning. After lunch, you would continue your journey to the overnight stopping point of Taungoo.
Bago is also the first stop on the road to Mon and Kayin States, and the towns of Mawlamyine (Moulmein), Hpa-An and the Golden Rock, Mt Kyaiktiyo. Again we recommend an early start from Yangon so that you can spend some quality time exploring the ancient city. After lunch, you would continue onto Mt Kyaiktiyo and your accommodation.
Taukkyan War Cemetery.
Today, Thanlyin serves as the entry point to the farmland east of the Yangon River. Its population has changed over the years; the foreign merchants have long since departed and been replaced by a large, Hindu ethnic-Indian population whose ancestors came here during the British colonial period. Some centuries old walls and an old settlement church, dating to 1750 remain but the focus of the town today is the busy marketplace. Just to the south of the town on the typical country road to Kyauktan lies Kyaik-khauk Pagoda, an important pagoda and host of the biggest country ‘pwe’ (festival) close to Yangon. This popular pagoda is said to contain 2 hairs of the Buddha and was originally constructed by the Mon Kingdom some 800 years ago.
Mr Myanmar Travel can organise half-day or full day trips by air-conditioned car that take in both Thanlyin and Kyauktan. We recommend travelling in the early morning to benefit from the cooler temperatures and so that you can observe the markets at their busiest and most colourful. A full day would also allow you to visit the National Races Village, an attraction very popular with local people and situated next to the Yangon (Thaketa) end of the Thanlyin Bridge.
In addition to the pottery sheds at Oh-Bo and the central market, the town is also well known for the 250 feet high Shwesandaw Pagoda, built by the Mon Kingdom over 1,000 years ago. There is an unusual set of mechanical toys by the main entrance, purchase a coin to watch them move.
A visit to Twante is all about the journey. Mr Myanmar Travel charters small boats to cross the Yangon River and cruise along the Twante Canal. You will pass villages where the people live by fishing or farming rice, fishermen hauling in their catches from canoes, trading boats and delta ferries journeying from town to town. We can arrange full and half-day trips on the water and also longer voyages of discovery, travelling deeper into the delta where foreigners are hardly ever seen. If you are interested in an overnight, or longer voyage please get in touch with us and we can tailor-make a trip for you.